-Why do Galatians 3:13 and 1 Peter 2:24 say that Jesus was hung upon a tree, when other verses say He actually died upon a cross?

QUESTION: Why do Galatians 3:13 and 1 Peter 2:24 say that Jesus was hung upon a tree, when other verses say He actually died upon a cross? ANSWER: To begin with, we recognize and would emphasize that the Spirit of God guided the writers of Scripture not only in the general thoughts He expressed, but in the very words they used. In Galatians 3:13 the apostle Paul cites a portion of Deuteronomy 21:22-23. The Jews were not to allow the dead body of one who had been hanged to remain all night on the tree. Such a one was to be buried before sundown. One who had been hanged was under God’s curse, and if his body was not promptly buried, the land would be defiled thereby. The apostle Peter points out that the Lord Jesus was made to suffer wrongfully. He did no sin but rather bore our sins in His body on the tree. Peter too is alluding to the passage in Deuteronomy referred to above, but is making a contrast, because in Deuteronomy the one hanged on a tree had committed a sin worthy of death. He is showing Christians who were being made to suffer wrongfully how they were to act in such situations, pointing out that Christ not only suffered for us who were guilty, but that the attitude He displayed when He was made to suffer unjustly is the example for us to follow. At the time Deuteronomy was written, crucifixion was unknown to the Jews. Crucifixion was a cruel and distinctly Roman method of execution. Yet, interestingly enough, Psalm 22, written by King David approximately 1000 years before Christ's crucifixion, gives a most graphic description of the physical suffering endured by one who was crucified. But the suffering described in this psalm goes far beyond physical sufferings, as we see in the first verses and then again and again throughout the psalm. Both Peter and Paul refer to the Lord Jesus as having been crucified. Paul specifically refers to the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ in Galatians 6:14. The cross was not only an instrument of cruelty. Crucifixion was too degrading a means of execution to be applied to Roman citizens. At that time it was, generally speaking, reserved for the lowest of criminals and for slaves. In New Testament days, no sane person would have worn a cross as jewelry or for decorative purposes any more than someone would wear a miniature gallows or electric chair for that purpose today. For someone to make much of the cross and of one who had been executed upon a cross was, as we see in 1 Corinthians 1:18-25, offensive to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles - in fact, to all who perish!

In summary, yes, the Lord Jesus died upon the cross. It was the most shameful and cruel form of death the Romans could impose on Him. The Jewish mob, led by their religious leaders, demanded this of Pilate. The Spirit of God used different words for the same awful instrument of execution when He wanted to emphasize different aspects of what the Lord did in dying there for us. The expression “cross” or “crucified” is used many times in connection with the death of our Lord Jesus. But the cross was made of wood. Wood comes from trees, and the Greek word for wood was applied to the cross, to stocks, and other such ignominious and forcible means of punishment. And the Spirit of God applies the verses in Deuteronomy about one who is hanged on a tree specifically to the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus.

May we love and appreciate greatly the One who was absolutely holy and sinless Himself, but was hanged on a tree – that is, died on the cross – for our sins!

By Eugene P. Vedder, Jr.

“They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. There they crucified Him.” John 19:17-18 NASB

With permission to publish by: Sam Hadley, Grace & Truth, 210 Chestnut St., Danville, IL., USA. Website:


1 Comment on -Why do Galatians 3:13 and 1 Peter 2:24 say that Jesus was hung upon a tree, when other verses say He actually died upon a cross?

  1. Based on the link:, that account of the apostles regarding jesus’ death is a proof that they are hiding something about Jesus. But first may I share how we can know the truth regarding jesus’ death- In order for us to know the truth, whether he was hanged on a tree or nailed to the cross, let us ask Jesus himself.

    He said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.”
    Luke 24:44 (NIV)-Jesus here means to know the truth about him we should refer to the prophecies which God gave His prophets long ago about him (jesus).

    Let us read about him in the Psalms….

    My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
    Why are you so far from saving me,
    so far from the words of my groaning?
    O my God, I cry out by day, but you do not answer,
    by night, and am not silent.
    Psalm 22:1-2 (NIV).

    These were the very words he said when he was suffering… was he hung on a tree?

    My strength is dried up like a potsherd,
    and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth;.
    you lay me in the dust of death.
    Dogs have surrounded me;.
    a band of evil men has encircled me,
    they have pierced my hands and my feet.
    Psalm 22:15-16(NIV)

    What did they do to him; did they hang him on a tree, as his apostles have said? Maestro Evangelista of says they have crucified Jesus.

    I can count all my bones;.
    people stare and gloat over me.
    They divide my garments among them.
    and cast lots for my clothing.
    Psalm 22:17-18 (NIV).

    Jesus was crucified, not hanged on a tree as the apostles claimed. How did he suffer? All of God’s prophets, those who have obeyed His Word have all been saved in their hour of need. But with regard to Jesus….

    O LORD, do not rebuke me in your anger.
    or discipline me in your wrath.
    For your arrows have pierced me,
    and your hand has come down upon me.
    Because of your wrath there is no health in my body;.
    my bones have no soundness because of my sin.
    My guilt has overwhelmed me.
    like a burden too heavy to bear.
    My wounds fester and are loathsome.
    because of my sinful folly.
    Psalm 38:1-5 (NIV).

    Because of his pride, he was forsaken by God. This is what the apostles had kept from us about Jesus- he was punished by God with the beatings of men for his own wrongdoing and not for our sins. The truth is, teaching that jesus was sent to die for our sins is not true, it is all made up by the apostles to hide the truth that jesus was punished by God through the beatings of men for pretending to be a son of God. More than that, the Almighty God has a law in “Fathers shall not be put to death for their children, nor children put to death for their fathers; each is to die for his own sin.
    Deuteronomy 24:16 (NIV).

    “each is to die for his own sin” – each man will answer for his own sin, no one is to be punished for another’s sin. So to say that God allowed jesus to die for us is to make God a liar because you made it appear that He broke His own law in deut.24:16 and even made HIM an unrighteous God because He allowed a so-called sinless man to be killed like a “beast” for the sins of others. Everyone who has committed sin will pay for it. Let us read the elaboration…

    The soul who sins is the one who will die. The son will not share the guilt of the father, nor will the father share the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous man will be credited to him, and the wickedness of the wicked will be charged against him.
    Ezekiel 18:20 (NIV).

    We will be responsible for our sins we commit to God and to other men. Do we still need Jesus for our sins to be forgiven?
    “But if a wicked man turns away from all the sins he has committed and keeps all my decrees and does what is just and right, he will surely live; he will not die.
    Ezekiel 18:21 (NIV).

    We cannot say that jesus was without sin – for he was born of a woman and a man born of a woman cannot claim that he is without sin?
    How then can a man be righteous before God?
    How can one born of woman be pure?
    If even the moon is not bright.
    and the stars are not pure in his eyes,
    how much less man, who is but a maggot –
    a son of man, who is only a worm!”
    Job 25:4-6 (NIV) We are all born free, with freedom to make choices, no one may say that he had not committed sin in his lifetime. The question now is what was jesus death for? There is a Word of God in the prophecy about Jesus-the descendant/offspring of King David that we should know:

    2 Samuel 7:12-14 (NIV).
    12 When your days are over and you rest with your ancestors, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, your own flesh and blood, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be his father, and he will be my son. WHEN HE DOES WRONG, I WILL PUNISH HIM WITH A ROD WIELDED BY MEN, WITH FLOGGINGS INFLICTED BY HUMAN HANDS.

    In the said verses: 2 Samuel 7:12-14 – we can read that God speaks of a coming offspring of David and not a literal “son of God” as what the religions preach.

    Is it really true that Jesus was a descendant of David?

    …to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. Luke 1:27 (NIV).

    Jesus’ true father is Joseph who belongs to the house of David. So if we are to believe the teaching of the religions that Jesus is the “son of God,” then it should be Mary who should belong to the house of David.
    And in:

    You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus.
    Luke 1:31 (NIV).

    And who was Jesus’ father?

    He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David. Luke 1:32 (NIV).
    “will be called” – As you have read it, Jesus was only a son or a descendant of David not a real son of God;” he was just a man.

    Is it true that Jesus is a son of David? Let us read in:
    A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham- Matt 1:1(NIV).

    Now we can see that the prophecy in 2 Sam7:12-14 about a coming descendant of David and not a son of God has been fulfilled.

    Considering the prophecy in II Samuel 7:12-14 that if the descendant of David commits a wrong or an iniquity, he will be punished with the rod of men. Was Jesus-the descendant of King David punished by the rod and floggings of men?

    All the people answered, “Let his blood be on us and on our children!” Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified. Matthew 27:25-26 (NIV).

    Indeed, Jesus was flogged by men which when we read again what God stated in the prophecy in 2 Sam 7:14: “I will be his father, and he will be my son. WHEN HE DOES WRONG, I WILL PUNISH HIM WITH A ROD WIELDED BY MEN, WITH FLOGGINGS INFLICTED BY HUMAN HANDS”.

    We can discover for ourselves that based on what God said in the prophecy that the real reason why He allowed Jesus -the descendant of king David to be beaten by men was not for our sins but for his (Jesus) own wrongdoing.
    It is best that you read the full Bible revelation of Teacher Erano Martin Evangelista in this link:

    Whether you choose to accept the said Bible revelations in the said website or not is your decision- what is important is that you were informed

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