The Biblical History and Significance of the Passover

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The Biblical History and Significance of the Passover

The word “Passover” is Pasach in Hebrew, is Pasko in Pilipino. Passover is the first of the seven feasts of the Jewish nation and is the foundation of the other six feasts of the nation Israel. Biblical History of the Passover When the LORD God of the nation Israel heard the cry of oppression and affliction of His people under the tyrannical enslavement by the Egyptian Pharaoh, the LORD appeared unto Moses and called him to lead His people out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage, to the land which the Lord swear unto Abraham as a heritage, flowing with milk and honey that there His people is set at liberty to worship Him and serve Him. The Lord God revealed Himself unto Moses as the God of Abraham, of Isaac and of Jacob and His name is I AM THAT I AM. (Exo. 3:6, 14; Jn. 8:24, 58). In Exodus chapter 6, God Almighty is now going make Himself known by His name JEHOVAH (YAHWEH) because the Israelites will see and experience His mighty and outstretched arm perform great and wonderful miracles before Pharaoh and triumph gloriously to redeem them from under the burdens of the Egyptians that they may dance and sing with joy, “The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation (YESHUA).” (Exo. 15:2) The word YESHUA in Hebrew is transliterated as IESOU in Greek or JESUS in English. In the Old Testament, JESUS revealed Himself as SALVATION personified.

In the evening when the LORD God delivered His people, the LORD commanded every household to take a lamb of one year, a male, without blemish, to be killed. And they shall take the blood of the lamb and strike it on the two door post and lintel of the door of the house where its flesh shall be roasted and eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. That night, the LORD God of Israel visited the nation Israel with plague to kill the firstborn of all Egyptians from the household of Pharaoh down to every Egyptian household including the firstborn of their beasts. This was the final and tenth plague brought by the LORD God to Israel for Pharaoh’s adamant refusal to let the people of God go that they may be free to worship and serve the God of Israel. The blood of the lamb upon the door of every house of an Israelite was to be a token to the LORD. And the LORD said, “And when I see the blood, I will PASS OVER you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.” As the LORD has commanded Israel, every year, from thereon, every household of Israel shall observe the sacrifice of the Passover as a memorial forever. (Exo. 12:14, 25-27)

The Biblical Significance of the Passover

Like all the Old Testament Jewish Feasts, the Passover Feast foreshadowed Christ’s atoning work on the cross. (Col. 2:16-17) In the Old Testament, when Isaac asked his father where the lamb to be sacrificed is, Abraham answered, “God will provide Himself, a Lamb“. (Gen.22:8) In the New Testament, God has provided Himself a LAMB. Here, we see the covenant fulfillment of the PASSOVER for the salvation of the people of God in JESUS CHRIST, THE LAMB OF GOD WHICH TAKETH AWAY THE SIN OF THE WORLD. (Jn. 1:29) From Adam’s sin, this whole world was held under the bondage and tyrannical slavery of sin. As a result, this whole world is under the curse of death and everlasting punishment because the wages of sin is death and without the shedding of blood there can be no remission of sin. (Rom. 5:12; 3:23; Heb. 9:22) The killing of the Passover lamb and the striking of its blood on the door posts is a wonderful prefigure of Jesus Christ’s atoning work for the salvation of the whole world. For this cause, God the Son came in the flesh (Jn. 1:14) and offered His body once and for all (Heb. 10:10) in His VICARIOUS SACRIFICE OF DEATH that we might be made the righteousness of God in Jesus (2 Cor. 5:21) and by the SHEDDING OF HIS BLOOD, Jesus reconciles us to Himself (Col. 1:20). Therefore, if anyone accepts and believes in the atoning death of Jesus Christ upon the cross and, thereupon, commits himself to Him in faith, hope and love and surrenders himself under the power of the sin-cleansing blood of Jesus, that one is no longer under the curse of death and everlasting punishment. Instead, the Lord has become his strength and his song and JESUS HAS BECOME HIS SALVATION. (Exo. 15:2; Jn. 3:16-18) Everyone, therefore, who has reconciled himself with Jesus, is called to reject sin and live a holy life for the Lord. (1 Pet. 1:16) The apostle Paul writes, ” Purge out therefore the old leaven (sin), that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened (sanctified in Jesus). For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us. Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.” (1 Cor. 5:7-8).


Prepared for the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ by:

Bishop Eugenio T. Fernandez and Archbishop Mario I. Quitoriano

 THE BIBLICAL HISTORY AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PASSOVER by BISHOP EUGENIO T. FERNANDEZ AND ARCHBISHOP MARIO I. QUITORIANO is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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